India is also one of the many countries that initiate initiatives to initiate the health care scheme by focusing on the work of primary health care. In independent India, the foundation stone of the health care system was laid by the ‘Bhore Samiti’, in which the former Alma Ata Manifesto remained the basis of this work for three decades.
At the time of independence, the basic nature of the country’s health services was mainly based on urban life and medicine. The patients who came to these hospitals and health centers were treated only to cure their disease. Access to these health services in rural areas was very limited because at that time the prevention of disease prevention services was in limited quantity.
Problems in the Indian healthcare system
In the first five year plan, efforts have been made to create primary, higher and other types of medical Centers and connect them with the appropriate referral system. Programs were implemented and implemented to address the major health problems of the general population. The known death rate as a result of these efforts, which was 27 in 1951, dropped to 9 in 1955. (Sample Registration System-SR 1995, Temporary).
But the rate of diseases of contagious disease and lack of nutrition came down. Apart from HIV. As the spread of infectious and many other types of non-infectious diseases has increased the unhealthy rate.
The basic structure of rural primary health care has been created in the last eight schemes throughout the country. Sub centers and first aid centers have been set up in adequate quantities, from which the standards at the national level were made up to the end of the seventh plan.
- Efforts are being made to establish adequate community health centers so that effective emergency services are available to the villagers.
- But in these basic services, the number of employees is often a major hindrance, and the lack of major employees has led to difficulties in implementing health and family welfare services and major national programs in an effective manner.
- There is a problem too, and that is – establish effective instructional services between these three levels of health services.
- The number of employees is required to be determined and should not be determined on the basis of population only but on the basis of the burden of work, the route to be set, and the difficulty in using health services.
- To ensure that there is no adverse effect on programs due to lack of major staff, flexible attitude is required to be recruited in the recruitment of staff and if necessary, this work can also be done with the contractual system.
In 1991, it was estimated that approximately 30 percent of India’s population lives in cities. In the last two decades, the transfer of people in cities has increased rapidly in the urban population. Although initially, the health care services were in the cities, due to the growing population, these services have now become inadequate.
- Many organizations including municipalities, state governments, non-governmental organizations, and foreign aid projects, when they feel the lack of health services, create the necessary basic facilities and try to arrange the necessary staff.
- There is no clear and organized effort to divide urban health care sectors into primary, secondary and tertiary categories like rural health services.
- As a result, facilities are not adequately utilized in some centers and there is excessive crowding in other centers.
- Efforts have been made to establish proper linkage in primary health care centers in the same area and those who provide central assistance or other types of services so as to maximize access to available health care facilities.
Controlling the quality of medicines
Provision of good quality medicines at a reasonable price is necessary for the success of programs to control diseases. Equally needing to control unnecessary medicines and prescribed medicinal supplements and to eliminate them if possible is the same.
Recognizing this fact, provision for strengthening food and drug control organizations in the eighth plan was made. But the work of implementing this scheme is still incomplete and slow. In the next few years, this work will be done on a priority basis.
Human Resources for Health
Any health program and staff attached to that health system are not less important. 75 percent of the budget of both the States and the Central Sector is spent on the salary of the employees.
- Like health care plans, adequate attention has not been given to health workers’ plans in India. The lack of semi-trained employees in the country and the discrepancy of doctors and other experts is still present.
- It is highly essential that an adequate number of trained staff will be available to the needs of the health services.
- In addition to the current institutional system, with the help of open university system and employment-related courses in the states, semi-professional people will be able to provide the adequate number of health services and the efficiency of the pre-service training will be ensured.
Healthcare or health care
Health care or healthcare means the prevention and treatment of illness. Health care is provided by medical professionals, dentistry, nursing, and health-related professionals. Access to health services varies according to countries, groups, and individuals. It has a profound influence on the health policies, social and economic conditions of that place. Various policies are created to bring health benefits to the public in every country.
Delivery of modern health care depends on a broad group of trained professionals, who work as an intermediate team. There are many areas in the health-care industry that are devoted to providing services and products and improving people’s health.
According to the industry classification of the industry, global industry classification standard and industry classification benchmark, healthcare services include healthcare services and services and pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and life sciences.
There are special areas related to these groups: biotechnology, diagnostic substances, drug delivery, pharmaceutical manufacturers, hospitals, medical equipment, diagnostic laboratories, nursing homes, health service plan providers and home health care.
Classification of the healthcare industry on behalf of the government
According to the government classification of the industry, which is mainly based on the UN system, The International Standard Industrial Classification, health care generally involves hospital activities, activities of medical and dentistry and other human health activities.
- The last category includes all activities for human health, which are not done by hospitals or doctors or dental practitioners.
- It has ophthremree (in which medicine is measured by measuring the ability of vision to correct it by lenses etc.), hydrotherapy, medical massage, music therapy, occupational therapy, language therapy, chiropody (healing of legs diseases) Nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, scientists or clinical laboratories in the area of homeopathy, chiropractic, acupuncture etc.
- Activities of Tholozi clinics, ambulance, nursing home, or other para-medical practitioners or activities under their supervision.
Healthcare in India
There is no national health insurance or universal health care system for all citizens in India, resulting in the private sector becoming the main healthcare provider in the country.
1. Public and private health care
Private medical care is the primary source of health care for 70% of families living in urban areas and 63% of families living in rural areas. There are vast differences in public and private health care in different states. For a number of reasons, dependency on the private health sector is huge, one of the main causes  More than 57% of the families reported this reason during the survey. Most of the services of public health are concentrated in rural areas and quality of services falls due to experienced health care providers.
2. Rural health
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was started by the Government of India on April 2005. The main goal of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide effective health care in rural areas and it has given more attention in those 18 states where the indicators of healthcare were very low
Only 2% of doctors’ population lives in rural areas, where 68% of the population lives in India.
3. Urban health
National Urban Health Mission was approved by the Ministry on 1st May 2013. Its aim was to meet the health care needs of the urban population and its main focus was on the urban poor and to provide the primary health care.
Health care system
Private health sector plays a major role in health care Instead of being the most health expenses through insurance, their pockets are paid by patients and their families. This leads to very extraordinary expenditure on health expenses and as a result, the financial condition of any family gets worsened. Trouble still has to face.
Primary health care
Everyday health care refers to primary health care. This is usually your first encounter with a health care provider when you need care and advice and could be visiting a family doctor or nurse practitioner, talking to a dietician or a pharmacist or having a health professional thing To call a toll free health advice line phone.
Primary healthcare is the foundation of the health care system and involves providing services through a team of health professionals for individuals, families, and communities.
Primary health care is the right care for you and your family at the right time by the right provider.
Healthy Living and Right Care At the right time, what is the primary health care-with-the-right health care provider-is all about finding. This is a simple idea: organize health care services to provide timely access. Whether it is working with illness or injury or preventing them from occurring in the first place – primary health care means healthy communities and low stress on our health care system.
The primary health care starts with education about prevention and healthy choice. This helps in finding ways to keep people healthy and safe after the illness is more effective than the treatment of disease or injury.
Why is healthcare important
The right to health in any country is the first basic right of the public. Healthy citizens are the building blocks of a healthy and developed country. We have been thinking from the centuries that ‘First happiness is healthy to work, Dujya Sukh is in home, Maya’ and ‘Jana is a Jahan’. Of course, good health is the biggest treasure.
- Any inadequacy of health can take anyone closer to death. Therefore, avoiding anything that is harmful to health or which makes us prey to diseases.
- World Health Day is celebrated every year on April 7 under the leadership of the World Health Organization to attract the attention of a large number of people towards the importance of health.
- It is important that the World Health Organization was held in Geneva for the first time in the World Health Assembly in 1948 and World Health Day was celebrated for the first time in the year 1950.
- India is behind many neighboring countries including Bangladesh, China, Bhutan and Sri Lanka in the field of health care. It has been disclosed by the research agency ‘Lancet’ in its study, ‘Global Burden of Disease’.
According to this, India is 145 in the list of 195 countries in terms of health care, quality and access. Ironically, even after seven decades of independence.
The health industry in India
The Indian welfare industry is ready to cross 500 billion rupees by the end of this year and trends show that the market will increase by 30% every year. Due to low labor costs and high-quality product, India has always been a hotspot for multicultural companies for outsourcing various projects.
- Globalization has affected the well-being of professionals because the desire to increase the productivity of the company has increased and competition has become fierce.
- There is no place to compromise! A low-performance employee is harmful to the organization, but no one tries to find reasons in India. This scenario has also increased the degree of resentment in workplaces, which ultimately leads to stress and illness among employees. The decrease in productivity rate and quality is dangerous for the employer.
The possibility of welfare trading industry in India
Not only the corporate world but also the domestic scenario is not avoided by the increasing stress of competition and excessive workload.
- For example, due to the lack of time and proper guidance, the whole family is suffering from various ailments. There is a huge scope in this particular industry because the target market is immature and heavy.
- The welfare industry in India is ready to reach 500 billion rupees by the end of this year. In fact, the latest trends show that the market will increase by 30% every year.
- The concept is not new in the Western world, but the subcontinent is still inactive. By designing appropriate promotions and effective service, the market can be easily captured. In fact, the degree of competition is also very low.
It helps in promoting quality health care. It initiates and promotes new development and implementation. In this area of health, this trust has earned a lot of names, especially in the case of healthy health. Its main goal is to help poor sections and they have to help in health matters, this trust works with a large network.
The society is supporting the National Health Program for the prevention and control of various diseases. It is promoting health improvement activities in the poor community. It has worked in many major Indian cities.
Q1. What is the healthcare field?
The area of health has always been marginalized in the general budget, but in the current Union Budget, many new and innovative initiatives have been taken for the health sector. In this, ‘Ayushman Bhav’ is the biggest plan in the field of health, in which aim is to benefit 10 million poor and weaker families. With this increase in ISVY is likely to reduce the health costs incurred on health. The budget also addresses some social and environmental determinants of health.
Q2. What does h.I.M stand for in healthcare?
H.I.M stands for Health Information Management – The health care sector is growing very fast today. Everybody wants to stay fit today and want to take care of themselves and their care. They regularly check with their doctors to ensure that they are healthy and are living a healthy life.
Q3. What are the levels of health care?
Many paraprofessionals who provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services to people or the public. Health care delivery includes providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care to the whole economy. Primary Health Care: (PHC) They are the basic first level of contact between individuals and families with the health system.