Cancer overview

cancer-big-problem

Cancer is not a type of disease, but it happens in many forms. There are more than 100 types of cancer. Most cancers are named after the names of those organs in which they start – for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called stomach cancer, cancer that begins in basal cells of the skin is basal cell Carcinoma is called.

Cancer is used for such diseases, in which abnormal cells are divided without any control and they are capable of attacking other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymphatic system.

What is Cancer?

Hello! Here I am going to providing full instruction about cancer: cancer symptoms, cancer causes, cancer preventions, and treatments, etc.

Cancer is the abnormal and disorderly growth of the body cell or group of cells, which take the form of a knot or tumor.

All abnormal growth is not cancerous. The cancerous tumor is called malignant knot and the cancerous knot is called vinine knot. Cancerous knots are not particularly harmful, they grow at normal speed. Whereas cancerous knots are extremely lethal and increase in size at an extraordinary and fast pace and affect the other organ.

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How does cancer start?

cancer-cell

Cancer cells grow through the walls of the blood vessels and can spread through blood flow to other parts of the body. These nodes enter the flow and reach the lymph glands (lymph nodes). They spread directly from one cell to another.

  1. The cancer spreads in the body in three ways. Direct extension or invasion, in which the primary tumor spreads to adjacent organs and tissues.
  2. For example, prostate cancer reaches the bladder.
  3. In the lymphatic system, cancer cells break down from primary tumors and move to other parts of the body.
  4. A lymphatic system is a group of tissues and organs that store and store cells to fight infection and diseases.
  5. Cancer also spreads through blood. It is called hematogenous spread, in which cancer cells break into the blood by the primary tumor, and with blood, reach the other parts of the body.

Cancer types

types of cancer

Until a few years ago, cancer was thought to be a deadly disease, but now it is not. Medical science has done so much that if cancer is caught in the early stages, it can be controlled in a considerable percentage of cases and the life of the patient can be saved.

There are many types of cancer. You will be surprised to know that cancer is more than one hundred types but generally, the details of which are the main types of cancer are being given here.

  1. Skin cancer –

Skin cancer

Skin cancer is the most common type, which is seen mostly in both men and women. To avoid this, you should keep yourself away from high temperature and pollution.

  1. Blood cancer-

After skin cancer, most cases of blood cancer are found. In this blood cells become cancerous. In this disease, the weight of the patient starts decreasing and blood loss is decreased. Nights also include sweating.

  1. Bone Cancer –

Bone Cancer

This cancer mostly preys on children and the elderly. But its cases are rarely found. By consuming plenty of calcium, you can survive to some extent.

  1. Brain cancer –

Brain cancer

It is also known as a brain tumor. If the treatment of cancerous brain tumor is not done quickly, it can also reach other parts of the body. It’s not easy to stop it.

  1. Breast cancer –

Breast cancer

Breast cancer mostly makes women their prey Regular checkup of your breast can be treated quickly. Regular screening and proper eating can be detected in the early stage of all cancers. Which facilitates its treatment.

Classification of Cancer

cancer clasification

A large aggressive ductal carcinoma (vascular cancer) in a sample of the breast

Cancer is classified on the basis of the cell type, which resembles the knot, therefore, tissue can be thought of as a tumor. These respective tissue science and space. Examples of general category include:

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  1. Carcinoma:

Carcinoma

Malignant tumors derived from epithelial cells. This group expresses the most common cancers, including the normal form of breast, prostate, lung and large intestine cancer.

Lymphoma and blood cancer (leukemia): malignancy arises from hematopoietic (blood-forming) cells.

  1. Germ cell tumor:

Germ cell tumor

Tumor-derived from totipotent cell In adults it is often found in the thyroid gland and ovaries; Most of the fetus, children and young children are found on the top of the body, especially at the top of the caudal bone; Horse is often found on the pole (base of the scalp).

Blastic knot or blastoma: A knot (usually malignant) that is similar to an immature or embryonic tissue.

Most of these bales are common among children.

malignant tumors

In the name of malignant tumors (carcinogens), usually -carcinoma, such as carcinoma or -blastoma, is used as a suffix, with the Latin or Greek word for the organ of origin as the original word. goes.

For example, liver cancer is called hepatocarcinoma; The cancer of the fat cells is called liposarcoma. For common cancers, the English name of the organ is used. For example, the most common type of breast cancer is called ductal carcinoma or membrane ductal carcinoma.

The adjective ductal is used here in the context of cancer that appears in the microscope, which

The word duct is used for the cancer of the breast vessels that appear in the microscope.

Cancer Symptoms

Cancer Symptoms

In daily routine, we do many types of physical activities, which affect the body. But some effects remain for long, which we ignore. But do you know that the symptoms of cancer can also be hidden in them? Know about some of the same symptoms of cancer –

  1. Excessive fatigue

Excessive fatigue

Excessive fatigue in the body can be due to a disturbance in blood platelets or red blood cells, thereby posing a threat to leukemia. Do not ignore this when it happens.

  1. Unusual weight loss

Unusual weight loss

If there is a sudden weight loss for some reason, do not ignore it. This may be a warning of colon cancer. Not only this, but it can also be responsible for the cancer of the digestive tract. Apart from this, there may be unnecessary weight loss, symptoms of liver cancer, which also affects your ability to take out the body’s waste products, as well as affect your appetite.

  1. Weakness

Weakness

The general weakness and fatigue persisting include many types of cancer. Also, if you feel tired without any reason, do not ignore it even if it is not good after sleeping and relaxing. Must be a doctor

  1. boil or lump

boil or lump

If there are no boils, lumps or any other skin layers in any part of the body, which are gathered in one place, even if treatment is not being cured, then take it seriously. It can also be skin cancer. Which are different Could.

  1. Cough and chest pain

Cough and chest pain

Long-term phlegm and chest pain can cause leukemia to endanger many types of cancer. It may also be symptoms of a lung tumor or bronchitis. The pain in the chest due to lung cancer remains in the shoulders and arms too.

  1. Hip or stomach ache

Hip or stomach ache

Pain in the lower part of the hip or abdomen is also not normal in some way. Inflammation, cramping, cancer of the uterus can occur shortly after pain in the stomach. Apart from this, leukemia can also cause stomach ache due to the spleen increased.

  1. Change in nipple

Change in nipple

 A sudden change in the shape of the nipple can be the cause of breast cancer. Includes nipple flattening or bending downwards or side by side. In case of this happen, show the doctor immediately.

  1. Trouble in the 8 Periods

Trouble in the 8 Periods

Excessive pain in the menstrual cycle, and having untreated blood discharge can be a sign of vaginal cancer. In such a case, do the transvaginal ultrasound with the doctor’s advice.

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Cancer Causes

Cancer Causes

Cancer is a class of different diseases that differ widely in its causes and biology. Cancer, even in any organism, even plants, can be cancerous. Almost all cancer cancers grow slowly, causing an error in cancer cells and cancer cells and its daughter cells (see mechanism part for a common type of errors).

  • Anything that replicates (our cells) may possibly be suffering from errors (mutations). If error correction and prevention are not done properly, errors will persist and daughter cells may also be transferred.
  • Normally, the body tries to avoid cancer against many methods, such as apoptosis, auxiliary molecule (some DNA polymerase), possibly prolapse, etc. However, these error correction methods often fail in small ways, especially in an environment where the chances of errors occur or grow are high.
  • For example, such a vessel may contain disruptive elements called carcinogens. Or periodic injury (physical, heat, etc.), or the environment in which the cells have not developed for their existence, such as hypoxia [6] (see sub-section).

In this way, the cancer is a progressive disease and these progressive errors are slowly stored in the cell until the cells present in the animal begin acting against their actions.

Errors that cause carcinoma are often self-amplifiable, eventually increasing on an exponential rate (like money).

for example:

A mutation in one cell error correction machinery can cause errors in that cell and its offspring more rapidly accumulated.

A mutation in the signaling of the cell (endocrine) machinery can send signals that cause an error in nearby cells.

Due to mutation cells can become neoplastic, which can cause them to shift and disrupt the function of more healthy cells.

Due to a mutation, the cell can become immortal (see telomerase), which in turn cause them to disrupt healthy cells forever.

Cancer Treatment

Cancer Treatment

  1. Scientists have used the use of artificial intelligence to detect how cancer progresses.
  2. This will help doctors to start the most effective treatment for patients.
  3. The team of London’s Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and the University of Edinburgh has teamed up with a new technique – Revolver (Revolution Evolution of Cancer)
  4. During cancer, this technique records changes in DNA patterns and uses this information to understand future genetic changes.
  5. Researchers say that frequent changes in the tumor were a major challenge in the treatment of cancer. Cancer can be a ‘drug resistant’ i.e. the effect of the drug on cancer is stopped.

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

However, if the doctor can find out how the tumor develops, they can begin the treatment even before it grows or before it becomes a drug-resistant.

  • The team also got a connection between repeated changes in the tumor and the survival of cancer.
  • With this technique, the repetition pattern of DNA changes can help in the detection of cancer, and then the treatment will be accordingly.
  • For example, researchers found out that such breeding tumor in the P53 protein genocide which prevented the tumor is missed, after which there is a change in chromosome 8, such patients will be less able to survive.
  • The research team has created a new mechanism that tells the tumor information of patients of the same type.
  • Researchers used 768 tumor samples of 178 patients of previous studies for lung, breast, kidney and intestinal cancer, and used data for each tumor to detect cancer and compare changes in cancer.

By detecting patterns and linking them with information available on cancer biology, scientists can detect the development of tumor…

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Cancer Trump Card

Cancer Trump Card

This research has been published in ‘General Nature Methods’.

The head of this research team, Dr. Andrea Sottorivah, said that this technique is expected that doctors will be able to remove the ‘trump card’ of cancer, that is how difficult it is to know how cancer will grow.

He said, “This technique will help in a little bit of the future and intervene only at the initial stage of cancer, find out what is going to happen in cancer.”

Professor Paul Vermin of the Institute of Cancer Research said, “The development of cancer was the biggest challenge in our treatment for us”

“If we can already know how tumor increases, then we can make necessary changes in the treatment even before the drug resistance becomes i.e. one step ahead of cancer.”

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Cancer test

Cancer test

Scientists say that a normal blood test (blood tests) can be done to know whether the sick person has cancer and if so, which cancer is the disease and how far has it increased? It can also know how big the tumor is and what is resistance to cancer treatment? By this investigation, it may also be found that a person is completely healthy or is he at risk of cancer?

  • Chris Plains writes in the Daily Mail online that the Stanford University School of Medicine has developed a blood test that can tell doctors easily which cancer is the person who is ill? She is suffering from breast, lung or prostate cancer.
  • It also gets information about the condition of the disease. Scientists say that till now the flow of tumor DNA in the blood took a lot of time to identify the disease, but now there has been a test which gives information about all things right away.
  • Scientists say that cancer cells are constantly split and die and with this, they release DNA in the bloodstream, which can be tested from blood tests. Scientists say that those who have cancer in a very high condition also have very little DNA in their blood, so the diagnosis of cancer detection is very intriguing.
  • Maximilian Dean, assistant professor of radiation oncology, says that we had to develop a method that could cross the two major obstacles of the DNA field flowing in the blood.
  • First of all, the technique should be so sensitive that the smallest amount of tumor DNA present can be detected. Second, it should be clinically so useful that it can examine most patients of different types of cancers.
  • Ash Alijade, Assistant Professor of Medicine, says that we want to develop a simple method of measuring the burden of disease and finding out. This test would be easier to keep track of blood cancer like Leukemia than solid tumors.

This test will also be used to find out what the cancer response is to the treatment so that the doctor can treat other types of Tumor if it is resistant. In this case, Dr. Dean says that we are trying to change a solid tumor in a liquid tumor by keeping an eye on the flowing tumor DNA so that its address can be easily run.

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Cancer notes

Cancer notes

Cancer As soon as you hear the word, it starts fluttering those people who are aware of a health or have little else in their case. Every one of us would have ever seen some knowledgeable person struggling with this horrible disease and unfortunately, most of us would have had a sad experience.

But is cancer really as dangerous as it understands or we are responsible for the tragic experience of cancer that we have made this horrible disease a big hobo?

  • If there is any disease or any work of life, if there is any evil or mistake, if it is neglected too much, then it can be dangerous anywhere – then whether it is the human body, work of an organization or any project development Todo
  • There is no need to fear much from cancer. If we look at our current information, more than 90 percent of the cancer patients can be treated in the first stage. This ratio is about 70 percent in the second stage, 40 percent in the third phase and less than 10 percent in the fourth phase.
  • Nowadays, many types of cancer are considered to be serious but over-the-counter diseases, which can be kept under control for many years without any other cancer like cancer.
  • It is often seen that more than one-third of the cancer products are consumed by tobacco or its products, while one-third is associated with eating and drinking or living and other social factors.
  • Therefore, there is a difference in the nature and extent of Kaiser in different geographical situations worldwide.
  • The main reason for this is the local habit of smoking tobacco consumption, eating habits and socio-economic and living conditions. Due to these factors, most of the cancer present in our country is within easy reach or at the point of a finger.

But sadly, despite the ease of taking the diagnosis of disease in the beginning, more than 80 percent of the cancer patients in our country come to the third and fourth stage for treatment, and by this time most cases become incurable.

Because of this, the misconception that cancer is incurable.

Conclusion:

By following regular exercise as a suggestion to avoid cancer and following this nutritious diet plan to prevent this problem involves following a healthy lifestyle. In the person with a good immune system, this disease is less likely to develop, rather than a poor lifestyle and a weak defense person.

FAQ,s

Q1. What is the survival rate of cancer?

ANSWER:

  • There is a strong correlation between marriage and survival rates of cancer. In a Norwegian study conducted over a 40 year period, it was revealed that unlike males, the likelihood of cancer victims in unmarried men was 18% more.
  • These figures were generated since the 1970s. Recent studies have reported that in comparison to married people, the risk of cancer deaths in unmarried persons is more than 35%! Therefore, this trend remains a major and sustained one.
  • The sacred relation of marriage helps a lot in men’s fight against cancer. But how can this correlation be explained? Below are listed some of the relevant facts, which can help to better understand this correlation.

Q2. What are the early signs of cancer?

ANSWER:

  • The Keene University team, who researched on cancer, has also told that at what age should humans be most concerned about these symptoms of cancer.
  • These symptoms include anemia in the urine that leads to urination and lack of blood.
  • The other symptoms are the symptoms of the bloodstream, coughing, blood clots, difficulty in swallowing, bleeding after menopause, and abnormal effects of prostate testing.
  • Cancer Research UK says that any person should check unusual changes in health.
  • Researchers say that any signs of cancer are required to be examined immediately after it appears.
  • This will facilitate the diagnosis and prevention of cancer.

Q3. What are the 7 warning signs of cancer?

ANSWER:

  • A UK-based cancer research study found that many people suffering from the symptoms of this disease did not go to doctors because they were unheard of in their eyes.
  • If you have a frequent cough (cough) then it can be a sign of lung cancer. Constipation of cough wound that is not filled, lack of weight due to unnecessary and urinary problems may seem inauspicious but these symptoms can be fatal.
  • Changes in the size and color of anybody may be an indication that you are suffering from skin cancer. If there is no wound of the mouth, then you may have mouth cancer.
  • There is a bad sign in the functioning of your intestines that you may be suffering from intestinal cancer.
  • If you have difficulty in swallowing the food then this can be an indication that you may have cancer of the canal.

 

 

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